Alternative schooling programs could deliver greater learning outcomes for young people who are struggling at school, according to UniSA researcher Dr Thomas Stehlik.
In a paper presented at the recent Education and New Developments 2018 Conference in Budapest, Dr Stehlik says that the growing ‘not-school’ movement is challenging the confines of traditional schooling because the one-size-fits-all solution for modern education is not working.
“We need to start looking at education from the perspective of the student.
“The not-school movement is all about encouraging different educational initiatives and practices that ‘think outside the box’ to provide young people with positive education experiences that they enjoy.”
Including all educational programs that occur outside of the school environment, the not-school movement covers activities from art-based initiatives to home schooling. Often unstructured and informal, not-school learning can be delivered by adult educators, youth workers, community developers and parents.
Echoing the findings of the 2018 Gonski Report, Dr Stehlik says today’s mass approach to education is outdated and despite long-term calls for change, little change has occurred.
“Different educational experiences can provide options for those who do not respond well in traditional school environments, including alternative career and post-school pathways; as well as contributing to an improved sense of identity and wellbeing.
“Just think of the gap year. One in four young Australians take a gap year post-secondary schooling; it’s essentially formal time out of study, yet is looked upon positively as a means to gaining real world experience.”
Dr Stehlik says that Australia needs to think more broadly about how it delivers education, particularly given the growing demand for innovation and creativity and other ‘21st century skills’ that by definition require unconventional teaching approaches.
“Given the increased use of flexible and online learning methodologies, it is surprising that more alternatives to face-to-face classroom teaching are not being considered,” Dr Stehlik says.
“Innovation is considered critical for the sustained success of Australian business, but this starts with education. If we’re not being inclusive of those young people who do not fit the convention, Australia could be overlooking a whole sector of creative and alternative thinkers.
“It’s time to ask ourselves, ‘what else can we do?’”
The paper is based on a chapter of Dr Stehlik’s new book, Educational Philosophy for 21st Century Teachers, which provides an in-depth analysis and review of alternative education options and questions the current approach to schooling and the traditions upon which it is based.